Deletion of CD1d in Adipocytes Aggravates Adipose Tissue Inflammation and Insulin Resistance in Obesity

Adipose tissue inflammation is an important factor in obesity that promotes insulin resistance. Among various cell types in adipose tissue, immune cells actively regulate inflammatory responses and affect whole-body energy metabolism. In particular, invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells contribute to mitigating dysregulation of systemic energy homeostasis by counteracting obesity-induced inflammation in adipose tissue. However, the molecular mechanisms by which adipose iNKT cells become activated and mediate anti-inflammatory roles in obese adipose tissue have not been thoroughly understood yet. In the current study, we demonstrate that adipocyte CD1d plays a key role in the stimulation of adipose iNKT cells, leading to anti-inflammatory responses in high-fat diet (HFD)–fed mice. Accordingly, adipocyte-specific CD1d-knockout (CD1dADKO) mice showed reduced numbers of iNKT cells in adipose tissues and decreased responses to α-galactosylceramide–induced iNKT cell activation. Additionally, HFD-fed CD1dADKO mice revealed reduced interleukin-4 expression in adipose iNKT cells and aggravated adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance. Collectively, these data suggest that adipocytes could selectively stimulate adipose iNKT cells to mediate anti-inflammatory responses and attenuate excess proinflammatory responses in obese adipose tissue.

Diabetes Journal current issue

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